Ethiopia, a place of ancient culture, in the Horn of Africa, is a rugged, landlocked country split by the Great Rift Valley. Being the most populous landlocked country in the world, as well as the second-most populous nation on the African continent, Ethiopia is the place of origin for the coffee bean. It is a land of natural contrasts, with its vast fertile West, jungles, and numerous rivers, and the world's hottest settlement of Dallol in its north. The Ethiopian Highlands are Africa's largest continuous mountain ranges, and Sof Omar Caves contain Africa's largest cave.

Ethiopia has also the most UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Africa. It's ancient Ge'ez script, also known as Ethiopic, is one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world.